Not all conditions are related to sports injuries. In the world of general orthopaedics some common conditions to be aware of are arthritis, and infection.
Arthritis is a musculoskeletal condition that affects billions of individuals every day. There are many different types of arthritis that can severely limit activities of daily living. Osteoarthritis is the most common especially in the elderly population. It involves the degeneration of cartilage and bone overtime during the natural aging process which can be caused by trauma to a joint with or without prompt treatment, low activity levels, and genetics. Conservative treatment options include vitamin supplements, diet, corticosteroid injections, and lubricating hyaluronic acid. However studies have shown that an arthroscopic surgery to “clean up” bony spurs and degenerative tissues can help prevent the need for total joint replacement. Rheumatoid arthritis is another arthritic condition which can affects a younger age group and is 3 times more likely to occur in women. Weakness in multiple joints and inflammation of the joint lining are common symptoms. Gout is another type of arthritis caused by high uric acid levels and easily prevented and treated with medications. X-Rays and blood tests should be performed if Rheumatoid arthritis or gout is suspected.
Infection is a serious condition which occurs when levels of bacteria enter the body. Redness, fever/chills, warmth, unusual discharge of fluids, and pain are symptoms of infection. Surgery or any procedure involving breakage of skin can be a precursor to infections. Bacteria from bodies of water, as well as activities in wooded areas are natural causes of infections in the body. Total joint replacement and dental procedures warrant strict instruction before and after the avoid infection. It is important to reports symptoms to your doctor if at any point you suspect infection, as it is a serious condition that can ultimately lead to death if left untreated.
General orthopaedics is not a topic to be overlooked in any medical setting. It is both acute and chronic and can severely hinder the lifestyles of both young and elderly. Contact our office if you would like to further discuss these musculoskeletal conditions.